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Radical enlightenment : philosophy and the making of modernity, 1650-1750 / Jonathan I. Israel.

By: Israel, Jonathan I. (Jonathan Irvine), 1946-.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2002Description: xvi, 810 p. : ill., maps, ports. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0199254567 (pbk).Subject(s): Enlightenment -- Europe | Philosophy, European | | Communication and mass media November2018Genre/Form: -- Reading bookDDC classification: 940.25
Contents:
Part I: The Radical 'Enlightenment.' 1. Introduction. Radical Thought in the Early Enlightenment -- The 'Crisis of the European Mind' -- 2. Government and Philosophy. The Advent of Cartesianism -- Cartesianism in Central Europe -- The New Philosophy conquers Scandinavia and the Baltic -- France : Philosophy and Royal Absolutism -- Reaction in the Italian States -- 3. Society, Institutions, Revolution. Philosophy and the Social Hierarchy -- Shaftesbury, Radicati, Vauvenargues -- The Revolutionary Impulse -- 4. Women, Philosophy, and Sexuality. The Emancipation of Women -- Conversational Freedom; Sexual Freedom -- 5. Censorship and Culture. French Royal Censorship -- Philosophy and Censorship in Central Europe -- Philosophy and Censorship in Southern Europe -- Freedom of Thought, Expression, and of the Press -- 6. Libraries and Enlightenment. The Universal Library -- The Crisis of the Universities -- Shelving the Two Enlightenments -- Lexicons and Dictionnaires -- The Early Enlightenment in National Context -- 7. The Learned Journals. Changing Europe's Intellectual Culture -- The Journals and the Radical Enlightenment. Part II: The Rise of Philosophical Radicalism. 8. Spinoza -- 9. Van den Enden : Philosophy, Democracy, and Egalitarianism. Democratic Republicanism -- Revolutionary Conspiracy -- 10. Radicalism and the People : The Brothers Koerbagh. The Theologian-Philosopher, Johannes Koerbagh (1634-1672) -- The Bloemhof -- The Trial of the Brothers Koerbagh -- 11. Philosophy, the Interpreter of Scripture. Lodewijk Meyer (1629-1681) -- The Philosophia -- The Wolzogen Disputes -- The 'New Religion' of Philosophy -- The Philosophia in England-- German and Scandinavian Reverberations -- 12. Miracles Denied -- 13. Spinoza's System -- 14. Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists. Radical Thought and the Scientific Revolution -- Spinoza and Huygens -- Spinoza Versus Boyle -- 15. Philosophy, Politics, and the Liberation of Man. In Search of 'Freedom' -- Monarchy Overturned -- Spinoza, Locke, and the Enlightenment Struggle for Toleration -- Equality and the Quest for 'Natural Man' -- 16. Publishing a Banned Philosophy. The Tractatus Theologico-Politicus -- The Battle of the Ethics -- 17. The Spread of a Forbidden Movement. The Death of a Philosopher -- Lucas, Saint-Glain, and The Hague Coterie -- The Rise of Dutch Sponozism -- Philopater -- Dutch Radicalism in the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century. Part III: Europe and the 'New' Intellectual Controversies (1680-1720). 18. Bayle and the 'Virtuous Atheist' -- 19. The Bredenburg Disputes -- 20. Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles -- 21. The Death of the Devil. From Van Dale to Bekker -- The Public Furore -- Churches Divided -- The European Diffusion -- 22. Leenhof and the 'Universal Philosophical Religion'. Frederik van Leenhof (1647-1713) -- Heaven on Earth -- The Politics of Philosophy-- The Leenhof Controversy in the Netherlands, Germany, and the Baltic -- 23. The 'Nature of God' Controversy (1710-1720). Part IV: The Intellectual Counter-Offensive. 24. New Theological Strategies. Theology and the Revolution in Bible Criticism -- Physico-Theology -- Le Clerc, Limborch, and Locke -- From the 'Rationalization' to the 'Irrationalization' of Religion -- 25. The Collapse of Cartesianism. Empiricism -- Deadlock in France -- Régis and the Failure of French Cartesianism -- 26. Leibniz and the Radical Enlightenment. Early Encounters -- Leibniz, Steno, and the Radical Challenge (1676-1680)-- Leibniz and the 'War of Philosophies' -- 27. Anglomania : the 'Triumph' of Newton and Locke. Europe Embraces English Ideas -- Locke, Newtonianism, and Enlightenment -- 28. The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal -- 29. Germany and the Baltic : the 'War of the Philosophers' -- Deepening Philosophical Crisis -- The Wolffian Controversies (1723-1740) -- Wolff and the Rise of German Deism -- Wolffianism versus Newtonianism in the Baltic. Part V: The Clandestine Progress of the Radical Enlightenment (1680-1750). 30. Boulainvilliers and the Rise of French Deism -- 31. French Refugee Deists in Exile. The Flight to Holland -- Gueudeville and Lahontan -- Antagonist of Voltaire : Saint-Hyacinthe (1684-1746) -- The Marquis d'Argens (1703-1771) -- 32. The Spinozistic Novel in French -- 33. English Deism and Europe. The Deist Challenge -- John Toland (1670-1722) -- Anthony Collins (1676-1729) -- Matthew Tindal (c.1657-1733) -- Bernard Mandeville (1670-1733) -- 34. Germany : The Radical Aufklärung. Initial Reaction -- Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651-1708) -- Friedrich Wilhelm Stosch (1648-1704) -- Spinoza and Cabbala : Wachter and Spaeth -- Theodor Ludwig Lau (1670-1740) -- Schmidt and the Maturing of German Spinozism -- Johann Christian Edelmann (1698-1767) -- 35. The Radical Impact in Italy. Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) -- Paolo Mattia Doria (1662-1746) -- Pietro Giannone (1676-1748) -- Radical Thought in Venice -- 36. The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts. Categories -- L'Esprit de Spinosa -- Despotism, Islam, and the Politicization of Superstition -- 37. From La Mettrie to Diderot. Materialism -- Diderot -- 38. Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution.
Summary: The Radical Enlightenment was a revolutionary set of ideas which helped lay the foundations of the modern world on the basis of equality, democracy, secular values, and universality. This controversial and original study by the internationally renowned cultural historian Jonathan I. Israel shows how Spinoza and his thought set the intellectual current towards the intellectual and political revolutions of the later eighteenth century.
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Part I: The Radical 'Enlightenment.' 1. Introduction. Radical Thought in the Early Enlightenment --
The 'Crisis of the European Mind' --
2. Government and Philosophy. The Advent of Cartesianism --
Cartesianism in Central Europe --
The New Philosophy conquers Scandinavia and the Baltic --
France : Philosophy and Royal Absolutism --
Reaction in the Italian States --
3. Society, Institutions, Revolution. Philosophy and the Social Hierarchy --
Shaftesbury, Radicati, Vauvenargues --
The Revolutionary Impulse --
4. Women, Philosophy, and Sexuality. The Emancipation of Women --
Conversational Freedom; Sexual Freedom --
5. Censorship and Culture. French Royal Censorship --
Philosophy and Censorship in Central Europe --
Philosophy and Censorship in Southern Europe --
Freedom of Thought, Expression, and of the Press --
6. Libraries and Enlightenment. The Universal Library --
The Crisis of the Universities --
Shelving the Two Enlightenments --
Lexicons and Dictionnaires --
The Early Enlightenment in National Context --
7. The Learned Journals. Changing Europe's Intellectual Culture --
The Journals and the Radical Enlightenment. Part II: The Rise of Philosophical Radicalism. 8. Spinoza --
9. Van den Enden : Philosophy, Democracy, and Egalitarianism. Democratic Republicanism --
Revolutionary Conspiracy --
10. Radicalism and the People : The Brothers Koerbagh. The Theologian-Philosopher, Johannes Koerbagh (1634-1672) --
The Bloemhof --
The Trial of the Brothers Koerbagh --
11. Philosophy, the Interpreter of Scripture. Lodewijk Meyer (1629-1681) --
The Philosophia --
The Wolzogen Disputes --
The 'New Religion' of Philosophy --
The Philosophia in England--
German and Scandinavian Reverberations --
12. Miracles Denied --
13. Spinoza's System --
14. Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists. Radical Thought and the Scientific Revolution --
Spinoza and Huygens --
Spinoza Versus Boyle --
15. Philosophy, Politics, and the Liberation of Man. In Search of 'Freedom' --
Monarchy Overturned --
Spinoza, Locke, and the Enlightenment Struggle for Toleration --
Equality and the Quest for 'Natural Man' --
16. Publishing a Banned Philosophy. The Tractatus Theologico-Politicus --
The Battle of the Ethics --
17. The Spread of a Forbidden Movement. The Death of a Philosopher --
Lucas, Saint-Glain, and The Hague Coterie --
The Rise of Dutch Sponozism --
Philopater --
Dutch Radicalism in the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century. Part III: Europe and the 'New' Intellectual Controversies (1680-1720). 18. Bayle and the 'Virtuous Atheist' --
19. The Bredenburg Disputes --
20. Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles --
21. The Death of the Devil. From Van Dale to Bekker --
The Public Furore --
Churches Divided --
The European Diffusion --
22. Leenhof and the 'Universal Philosophical Religion'. Frederik van Leenhof (1647-1713) --
Heaven on Earth --
The Politics of Philosophy--
The Leenhof Controversy in the Netherlands, Germany, and the Baltic --
23. The 'Nature of God' Controversy (1710-1720). Part IV: The Intellectual Counter-Offensive. 24. New Theological Strategies. Theology and the Revolution in Bible Criticism --
Physico-Theology --
Le Clerc, Limborch, and Locke --
From the 'Rationalization' to the 'Irrationalization' of Religion --
25. The Collapse of Cartesianism. Empiricism --
Deadlock in France --
Régis and the Failure of French Cartesianism --
26. Leibniz and the Radical Enlightenment. Early Encounters --
Leibniz, Steno, and the Radical Challenge (1676-1680)--
Leibniz and the 'War of Philosophies' --
27. Anglomania : the 'Triumph' of Newton and Locke. Europe Embraces English Ideas --
Locke, Newtonianism, and Enlightenment --
28. The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal --
29. Germany and the Baltic : the 'War of the Philosophers' --
Deepening Philosophical Crisis --
The Wolffian Controversies (1723-1740) --
Wolff and the Rise of German Deism --
Wolffianism versus Newtonianism in the Baltic. Part V: The Clandestine Progress of the Radical Enlightenment (1680-1750). 30. Boulainvilliers and the Rise of French Deism --
31. French Refugee Deists in Exile. The Flight to Holland --
Gueudeville and Lahontan --
Antagonist of Voltaire : Saint-Hyacinthe (1684-1746) --
The Marquis d'Argens (1703-1771) --
32. The Spinozistic Novel in French --
33. English Deism and Europe. The Deist Challenge --
John Toland (1670-1722) --
Anthony Collins (1676-1729) --
Matthew Tindal (c.1657-1733) --
Bernard Mandeville (1670-1733) --
34. Germany : The Radical Aufklärung. Initial Reaction --
Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651-1708) --
Friedrich Wilhelm Stosch (1648-1704) --
Spinoza and Cabbala : Wachter and Spaeth --
Theodor Ludwig Lau (1670-1740) --
Schmidt and the Maturing of German Spinozism --
Johann Christian Edelmann (1698-1767) --
35. The Radical Impact in Italy. Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) --
Paolo Mattia Doria (1662-1746) --
Pietro Giannone (1676-1748) --
Radical Thought in Venice --
36. The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts. Categories --
L'Esprit de Spinosa --
Despotism, Islam, and the Politicization of Superstition --
37. From La Mettrie to Diderot. Materialism --
Diderot --
38. Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution.

The Radical Enlightenment was a revolutionary set of ideas which helped lay the foundations of the modern world on the basis of equality, democracy, secular values, and universality. This controversial and original study by the internationally renowned cultural historian Jonathan I. Israel shows how Spinoza and his thought set the intellectual current towards the intellectual and political revolutions of the later eighteenth century.

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